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BENCHMARKS: Space planning in labor and delivery

This is a rule-of-thumb provided by Hayward & Associates, a health care facility planning firm, that may be used to plan for a labor and delivery area.  In the following ratios, LDR means labor-delivery-recovery.  LDRP means the same except adds a postpartum stay in the same room – this is also known as single-room maternity care.

Space planning based on annual births

  • 100 to 200 births / LDRP room if the LDRP concept is used exclusively
  • 300 to 400 births / LDR or LDRP room if some patients are moved to a separate postpartum room after discharge

Recommended departmental gross square feet (DGSF) and departmental gross square meters (DGSM) are also given in this brief article.

Source: Hayward, C. (2017, Spring-Summer). Obstetrical services capacity and preliminary space need. SpaceMed Newsletter. Click here: https://www.spacemed.com/newsletter/rule-102-ob.pdf  Posted by AHA Resource Center (312) 422-2050, rc@aha.org