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How Well Does Insurance Coverage Protect Consumers from Health Care Costs?

In 2016, over a quarter of insured adults in the U.S. were underinsured — more than double the 2003 rate and and currently an estimated 41 million people. This is the finding from the latest Commonwealth Fund’s biennial health insurance survey that looked at the number of insured adults that had high out-of-pocket expenses and deductibles relative to their incomes.

The underinsured rates were highest [44-47%] for those purchasing individual coverage directly or through a Marketplace exchange and for the disabled under age 65 covered by Medicare.

The share of privately insured adults that had health plans without deductibles has shrunk by nearly half since 2003, while deductible amounts have increased. The number of insured adults with deductibles of $3000 or more has grown from 1% in 2003 to 13% in 2016.

Underinsured adults may defer needed medical care because of the costs and/or face medical debt and long term financial issues.

The survey report also discusses health policy implications of its findings.

Source: Collins SR and others. How well does insurance coverage protect consumers from health care costs? Findings from the Commonwealth Fund Biennial Health Insurance Survey, 2016. Commonwealth Fund Issue Brief, Oct. 2017. http://www.commonwealthfund.org/~/media/files/publications/issue-brief/2017/oct/collins_underinsured_biennial_ib.pdf 

Posted by AHA Resource Center (312) 422-2050, rc@aha.org

 

UNINSURED: 28.1 million lack health insurance in 2017

The number of Americans of all ages who do not have health insurance coverage has decreased from 48.6 million in 2010 to 28.1 million in early 2017, according to survey data collected each year by the National Center for Health Statistics.  This represents a decrease from 16 percent of the population in 2010 to 8.8 percent in 2017.

About 2 million children (aged under 18 years) gained health insurance coverage in this same time period — 5.8 million had no health insurance coverage in 2010 compared to 3.9 million in early 2017.

Comparative figures going back to 1997 are also provided in this report.

Source: Norris, T., Clarke, T.C., and Schiller, J.S. (2017, September). Early release of selected estimates based on data from the January-March 2017 National Health Interview Survey. National Health Interview Survey early release program. National Center for Health Statistics. Click here: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/earlyrelease201709.pdf  Posted by AHA Resource Center (312) 422-2050, rc@aha.org

HOSPITALS: How many DSH hospitals are there?

Hospitals that serve a higher proportion of low-income patients are eligible to receive disproportionate share payments from state Medicaid programs.

DSH hospital: A hospital that receives disproportionate share hospital (DSH) payments and meets the minimum statutory requirements to be eligible for DSH payments: a Medicaid inpatient utilization rate of at least 1 percent and at least two obstetricians with staff privileges that treat Medicaid enrollees (with certain exceptions” (page 57)

In this report from the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission (MACPAC), there is a table that quantifies the number of disproportionate share hospitals (DSH) in the United States as of 2012.

DSH Hospitals: Counts by Type of Hospital

  • 1,865 (55 percent) of Short-term acute care hospitals
  •    565 (42 percent) of Critical access hospitals
  •    129 (26 percent) of Psychiatric hospitals
  •      47 (58 percent) of Children’s hospitals
  •      32 (  7 percent) of Long-term hospitals
  •      32 (13 percent) of Rehabilitation hospitals

Counts by Location

  • 1,681 (40 percent) of urban hospitals
  •    989 (54 percent) of rural hospitals

Counts by Teaching Status

  • 1,921 (39 percent) of non-teaching hospitals
  •    392 (59 percent) of “low-teaching” hospitals
  •    357 (79 percent) of “high-teaching” hospitals

Source: Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission. (2017, March). Report to Congress on Medicaid and CHIP (pp. 57, 59). Washington, D.C.: MACPAC.  Click here for access: https://www.macpac.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/March-2017-Report-to-Congress-on-Medicaid-and-CHIP.pdf  Posted by AHA Resource Center (312) 422-2050, rc@aha.org

 

30 Largest Accountable Care Organizations

SK&A has released an updated ranking of the largest accountable care organizations based on the number of participating physicians. The marketing contacts firm has identified 703 ACOs involving 479,000 healthcare providers and business personnel aligned with ACOs. Topping its published list of the 30 largest ACOs are:

  1. HealthCare First South Los Angeles, a Medicaid ACO with 7,237 participating physicians and 2,668 health facilities
  2. Heritage Provider Network & Anthem Blue Cross of California, a commercial ACO with 7,207 physicians and 4,177 facilities
  3. Heritage California ACO, a Medicare Shared Savings Program with 6,876 physicians and 3,905 facilities
  4. Tenet Healthcare & Humana, a commercial ACO with 6,644 physicians and 1,963 facilities
  5. Hill Physicians/Dignity Health/University of California, San Francisco & Health Net, a commerical ACO with 5,883 physicians and 2,118 facilities

Source: Top 30 accountable care organizations. SK&A, Feb. 2017. http://www.skainfo.com/reports/top-accountable-care-organizations [free registration required to view/download]

Posted by AHA Resource Center, (312) 422-2050, rc@aha.org

UNINSURED: 48.3 million in 2010 dropped to 28.7 million in 2015 (U.S. national data for non-elderly population)

In 1972, the earliest year shown in this source, there were 30.7 million Americans under age 65 who did not have health insurance.  This number has varied somewhat from year to year – sometimes dropping, sometimes rising – but reached the highest number (48.3 million) in 2010.  In 2015, the number of uninsured Americans under 65 who were uninsured dropped to 28.7 million.  Here are some of the years shown in this source:

Number of Persons Uninsured (under 65 years old)

  • 30.7 million  1972 (the earliest year)
  • 23.0 million  1978 (the lowest year)
  • 48.3 million  2010 (the highest year)
  • 28.7 million  2015 (the most recent year)

Source: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. (2017, February). National Health Interview Survey: Long-term trends in health insurance coverage. Click here: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/trendshealthinsurance1968_2015.pdf   Posted by AHA Resource Center (312) 422-2050, rc@aha.org

Health Innovations State Law Database

The Health Innovations State Law Database created by the National Conference on State Legislatures is  a resource for identifying over 800 recently enacted state laws and regulations that address health policy innovations related to access, Medicaid, private and commercial insurance markets, the Accountable Care Act and social determinants of health.. The database supports searching by keyword, state, legislative status, bill number, sponsor, and/or these topics:

  • Exchanges and Health Marketplaces
  • Free Market; Challenges and Alternatives
  • Market-Cost Containment
  • Market-Coverage
  • Market-Delivery Reform [includes accountable care]
  • Market-Health Insurance Reforms
  • Market-Mandates and Essential Health Benefits
  • Market-Network Adequacy
  • Market-Other
  • Market-Payment Reforms
  • Market-Price Transparency
  • Medicaid Expansion and Waivers
  • Medicaid Payment Reform
  • Medicaid-General
  • PPACA – ACA-Health Reforms
  • State-Run Programs
  • Telehealth Programs

However, the full-text of the legislation located is restricted to NCLS members.

Source: Health innovations state law database: tracking state laws for health care transformation, 2015-2016. National Conference of State Legislatures, accessed Jan. 27, 2017. http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/health-innovations-database.aspx

Posted by AHA Resource Center, (312) 422-2050, rc@aha.org

Medicaid and CHIP Data: Findings from a 50-State Survey

The Kaiser Family Foundation has just released its 15th annual 50-state survey on Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program [CHIP].

The report provides and discusses state data on eligibility, enrollment, renewal and cost-sharing policies and identifies changes over the past year. It also documents the key health coverage role the Medicaid and CHIP programs play for low-income families.

As health coverage policy direction gets debated, this report will provide helpful background information.

Source: Brooks T and others. Medicaid and CHIP eligibility, enrollment, renewal, and cost-sharing policies as of January 2017; findings from a 50-state survey. Kaiser Family Foundation, Jan. 2017. http://files.kff.org/attachment/Report-Medicaid-and-CHIP-Eligibility-as-of-Jan-2017

Related:

Rosenbaum S and others. Medicaid’s future: what might ACA repeal mean? Commonwealth Fund Issue Brief, Jan. 2017. http://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/issue-briefs/2017/jan/medicaids-future-aca-repeal

State health facts: Medicaid and CHIP. Kaiser Family Foundation, accessed Jan. 12, 2017 at http://kff.org/state-category/medicaid-chip/

State Medicaid fact sheets. Kaiser Family Foundation, Jan. 26, 2017. http://kff.org/interactive/medicaid-state-fact-sheets/?utm_campaign=KFF-2017-January-Medicaid-State-Fact-Sheets

Blumberg LJ and others. Implications of partial repeal of the ACA through reconciliation. Urban Institute, Dec. 2016. http://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/86236/2001013-the-implications-of-partial-repeal-of-the-aca-through-reconciliation_0.pdf

Cunningham P and others. Understanding Medicaid hospital payments and the impact of recent policy changes. Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured Issue Brief, June 2016. http://files.kff.org/attachment/issue-brief-understanding-medicaid-hospital-payments-and-the-impact-of-recent-policy-changes

Guy J and others. Repeal of the ACA Medicaid expansion: critical questions for states. State Health Reform Assistance Network, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Issue Brief, Dec. 2016. http://statenetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/State-Network-Manatt-Repeal-of-the-ACA-Medicaid-Expansion-Critical-Questions-for-States-December-2016.pdf

Posted by AHA Resource Center (312) 422-2050 rc@aha.org