See also update with 2011-2012 data
How many hospitals have closed? That ‘s a question we often get in the AHA Resource Center, so here’s an answer.
The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission [MedPAC] publishes annual data on the number of acute care hospitals participating in the Medicare program that have closed [or opened]. Since most acute care hospitals participate in Medicare, the data is useful for overall closure trends:
Want to take the trend back a bit further? The HHS Office of the Inspector General formerly tracked acute-care hospital closures, and here’s its trend data for 1987-1999:
The American Hospital Association annually publishes data on the number of community [acute care, nonfederal] hospitals in the U.S. The change from year-to-year in the count of hospitals reflects the net changes that have occurred due to hospital closures, openings, consolidations, or conversions to another type of health facility.
Chart 6-1. Annual changes in number of acute care hospitals participating in the Medicare program, 2000-2010. In: Health care spending and the Medicare program: a data book. Medicare Payment Advisory Commission, June 2012, p. 61. http://www.medpac.gov/documents/Jun12DataBookEntireReport.pdf
Hospital closure 2000 [# of closures 1987-1999]. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, June 2002, p.5. https://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-04-02-00010.pdf
Table 2.1: Number of community hospitals, 1991-2011. In: Trendwatch chartbook 2013. American Hospital Association, Feb. 26, 2013. http://www.aha.org/research/reports/tw/chartbook/2013/table2-1.pdf
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