About 13 percent of high-risk adult patients developed healthcare-acquired infections (HAI) in 2000, according to the (Roberts, et al. 2010) study of 1,253 patients. The total costs attributable to HAI ranged up to $21,000 per patient and an increase in length of stay of about 6 to 10 days was found. Healthcare-acquired infection was found to double hospital cost. In a study based on a review of the published literature, (Scott, 2009) concluded that the direct medical cost to the nation of HAI ranges from about $28 billion to $34 billion each year. The (Edwards, et al. 2009) article reports data from a large-scale study of the prevalence of central line associated bloodstream infections, urinary catheter-associated urinary tract infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. This article, out of the National Healthcare Safety Network, provides mean, median, and percentile rates for these HAIs for different types of units within hospitals.
Sources: Roberts RR, and others. Costs attributable to healthcare-acquired infection in hospitalized adults and a comparison of economic methods. Medical Care;48(11):1026-1035, Nov. 2010.
Scott, R.D., II. The Direct Medical Costs of Healthcare-Associated Infections in U.S. Hospitals and the Benefits of Prevention. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mar. 2009. Free full text here: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/Scott_CostPaper.pdf
Edwards, J.R., and others. National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) report: data summary for 2006 through 2008, issued December 2009. American Journal of Infection Control;37:783-805, Dec. 2009. Free full text here: http://www.cdc.gov/nhsn/PDFs/dataStat/2009NHSNReport.PDF
Filed under: Benchmarking, Health care quality, Health expenditures, Hospital costs, Patient safety, Posted by Kim Garber | Tagged: Adverse events, Cost of hospital acquired infections, HAI, healthcare acquired infections, Hospital acquired infections statistics, Hospital-acquired infections, Nosocomial infections |